Sebelum membahas compound sentence, kita review kembali tentang simple sentence.
1. A simple sentence has one subject and one verb. The subject, the verb, or both may be compound.
· China has become a giant in economy.
· The father and son work in the same company. (compound subject)
· The dog barked and howled. (compound verb)
· Tom and Jerry are singing and dancing. (compound subject and compound verb)
2. A particular phrase within a sentence, a prepositional, appositive or participial phrase, can cause confusion because the cause may contain a noun or participle thatlooks like the subject or th verb of the sentence.
· Don’t confuse object of prepositions with the subject of sentences.
The flowers in the vase are still fresh after two days.
(the subject is the flowers, not the vase)
Candidates with experience have a greater chance of getting hired.
(the subject is candidates, not experiences)
· Don’t’ confuse nouns in appositive phrase with the subject of the sentences.
Norway, one of the Scandinavian countries is very beautiful.
(the subject is Norway, not countries)
Carmen, the oldest of five children, works hard to support the family.
(The subject is Carmen, not the children)
· Don’t confuse participle in participial phrases with the main verbs of sentences.
The house, built decades ago, stood in the middle of a huge garden.
(the verb is stood, not the past participle built)
The runners, gasping for breath, came to the finish line.
(the verb is came, not the present participle gasping)
While a simple sentence has a single main clause, a compound sentence has two or more main clauses joined by coordinate conjuctions. A main clause is an independent statement, and it does not function as a noun or as a modifier. The information or ideas contained in the main clauses of a compound sentence are of equal importance.
· Betty is a very lazy student, and she always come late to class.
· Anna studied hard for the exam, but (yet) she failed.
· He studied hard, so he pass.
· Margo did not talk to John, for she was angry.